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by Liam Hartle March 17, 2020 5 min read

A guest post by designer Liam Hartle, about his experiences as a trans knitter figuring out what patterns will both suit his style and fit the way he hoped. This post will be especially useful if you’re looking for menswear styles but don’t fit standard menswear sizing & shaping but it’s full of helpful advice even if that’s not your experience. It’s also hugely important to me that the size inclusion conversation includes a range of trans and non binary voices, and that, as a designer, I consider how to improve the inclusivity of my patterns beyond extending the size range. Note that, as Liam goes into in more detail below, terms like “menswear” are used in this piece because they can be useful search terms and are not intended to imply that we believe clothing styles should be limited by gender.

- Ysolda

I have made myself exactly two sweaters in the fourteen years I’ve been knitting. Most of it has to do with the fact that sizing garments has, up until recently, made me very stressed because I could do algebra, but I didn’t trust gauge swatches because they were lying liars who lied. One of the largest reasons, however, was just because it looked good on a model in a photo didn’t mean it was going to look good on me.

I’ve grown up wishing I could wear the tomboy and butch styling of women like Sue Perkins, best known to US Audiences as the host of The Great British Bake Off, and men’s styling of John Barrowman in Doctor Who when he played Captain Jack. It wasn’t an easy task, though. I’ve got hips and a bust that just didn’t work in menswear and menswear inspired womenswear. Knitting patterns were similar because, while I could maybe hit the high end of a bust measurement, I’ve been anywhere from a US Women’s 16-22 (UK 20-26) in the last ten years and I was often sized out, if not at the bust, at the waist, and or, hip. I wasn’t going to put the time, money, and effort into a garment that I wasn’t sure was going to fit the way I needed it and have it sit in my drawer unloved. I knew my body was the body I would continue to have, because, even though I’m non-binary trans, I’m not going to medically transition. I had to learn what would make a garment silhouette work for me and help give me the shape I wanted without having many models that were representative of me, either in body shape or gender presentation.

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Learning How to Style Myself Without Seeing it on a Model

I was fortunate when I decided I wanted to make a sweater for myself because my grandmother and mother had taught me to sew early. I consider myself primarily a knitter, but also learned the “fashion words” for fit and style and this gave me a leg up in fitting rooms and in the Ravelry search engine. I do want to make a note here that I strongly believe that anyone can wear any piece of clothing—it is not inherently gendered, nor does wearing it change your identity—however, the industry is going to label things a certain way and getting them to change is going to take time. Knowing how to read a tag or pattern description is key in finding something that will help you build a wardrobe in the style that you feel the most “you” in. Words like “boyfriend” and “grandpa” in womenswear means they are taking traits like no waist shaping, straight legs, extra ease in the sleeves, and more room in the shoulders that are normally standards of menswear and moving them to womenswear. I won’t lie and say this was an overnight revelation. It took a lot of trying things on and “well, it’s the right style and sort of fits, so obviously I’m the problem, right?”

“Knowledge is Power” — Schoolhouse Rock
Or, What I Look for in a Pattern Page

I finally realized that it was going to take me measuring myself to be sure of what I needed and it took one sweater to realize I needed more measurements than just the bust on the pattern page of Ravelry to know if I was going to be happy with a pattern. A clear schematic, measurements including chest width, cross back, arm circumference, finished bust circumference, intended ease so that I know if their size measurement includes the ease or not, garment length, and waist and hem circumference help me know things like if there is waist and arm shaping, how much ease I need to add or subtract, and how much modifying I will need to do to adjust the pattern to the style I want in my wardrobe.

I also rely heavily on the project pages for a pattern. They’re like a virtual fitting room where I can see how the pattern works for other people. I know that I want to see what the pattern will look like on someone with a similar body shape, presentation, or size, I can work with any of those in combination with notes to see if it will work for me.

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screenshot of Ravelry projects for Wardie cardigan

The Ravelry project page for the Wardie cardigan. 

There is also a growing number of designs that are extending sizing and styling, which helps lower the amount of the above work I have to do and Ysolda has been a huge part of that. She provides measurement charts and schematics on many of her designs and is working on adding them to the back catalogue. The Granton Cardigan was a great example of styling for both womens- and menswear.

two people stand together wearing gilliatt cardigans in a murky green and grey. They're both wearing blue shirts with bows, one a traditional bow tie and one a pussy bow style. The one wearing the bow tie is smaller with brown skin and a buzz cut, and the other person has white skin and a brown bob.

There is a photo where the two models stand side by side in front of a green hedgerow. The model in the grey cardigan wears a blue bow collar blouse with a black pencil skirt and the model in the green cardigan wears loose cut straight leg jeans with a denim button down and bow tie. Being able to compare the two sweaters side by side makes it easy for me to see how to style it myself to make it work in a number of wardrobes and to see how the ease makes such a huge difference in how an outfit is read. The grey cardigan has slightly less ease, so the eye is drawn to the neckline and bust and it’s more likely to be read as feminine, whereas the green cardigan has more ease, which emphasizes the straight line along the waist and minimizes the bust line and puts this solidly in the “boyfriend” sweater or menswear category.


In the end, how you style your sweater and how you make it depends wholly on how it will fit in your wardrobe. Knowing what to look for in a pattern will help you decide what you need in a pattern before starting it, even if it’s not styled for someone that presents like you do, whether that’s cis or trans, male, female, or somewhere else on the non-binary spectrum. My hope is that we will continue to see expanded modeling in the future, but knowing what to look for in a styled shoot or Ravelry project pages can help you navigate the vast pool of patterns available.

Learn more about choosing a size to knit, and find all of our sizing related blog posts here.

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Check out Liam's designs in his Ravelry store! 

collage of three designs, a purple and grey cowl and mitts set, an orange lace and brioche shawl, and a brioche hat with a wave like pattern

Image of a white skinned person with short pink hair, wearing a hand knit scarf over a red shirt.
Liam Hartle

Liam Hartle (he/him) is a writer, knitting and crochet instructor, and the designer behind Transmutation Knits. Liam has been knitting since 2006, modifying patterns for about as long, and designing since 2019. Transmutation Knits is the manifestation of his passion for creating patterns that tell stories, as well as a way to make a difference in the industry through accessible patterns, teaching resources, and writing about trans and gender non-conforming perspectives.

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